Different Types of Malocclusions

Different Types of Malocclusions

Malocclusions is a technical term that describes what happens when teeth and jaws that are mismatched, or misaligned, cause a person to have a bad bite.

Malocclusion can lead to serious oral health complications. It’s also known as:

The teeth won’t be able to perform all-important functions if they’re misaligned. Learn more about this issue and how it may be treated with your doctor, to protect your overall oral and digestive health.

Dentists will check for malocclusions during regular check-ups, particularly in children, so even symptomless malocclusions can be caught with proper dental care. If your dentist feels as though your teeth are misaligned or your jaw seems distorted, you may be referred to an experienced orthodontist, who will thoroughly examine your teeth and mouth. We will also take x-rays of your teeth and face, and go over your past medical history in order to identify any existing oral issues.

There are three major classes of malocclusion:

Class 1

Class 1 malocclusion is diagnosed when the upper teeth overlap the lower teeth. In this type of malocclusion, the bite is normal and the overlap is slight. Class 1 malocclusion is the most common classification of malocclusion.

Class 2

Class 2 malocclusion is diagnosed when a severe overbite is present. This condition, known as retrognathism (or retrognathia), means that the upper teeth and jaw significantly overlap the lower jaw and teeth.

Class 3

Class 3 malocclusion is also diagnosed when there’s a severe underbite. This condition, known as prognathism, means that the lower jaw protrudes forward. This causes the lower teeth to overlap the upper teeth and jaw.

Source: https://www.healthline.com/health/malocclusion-of-teeth#diagnosis

Can Malocclusion of the Teeth be Treated?

Commonly, people with mild malocclusion will not require any treatment. If your malocclusion case is severe, your dentist will refer you to an orthodontist for further treatment. Depending on severeness and type of malocclusion, your orthodontist may suggest you various treatments. 

Braces is one of the treatments that may be suggested by the orthodontist. Other than that, removal of teeth to correct overcrowding, reshaping, bonding or capping teeth. In the worst case, surgery will be needed to reshape or shorten the jaw. The use of wires or plates may also be needed to stabilize the jaw bone. 

Treatment for the disorder may also result in some complications. These include tooth decay, pain or discomfort, irritation of the mouth from the use of appliances, such as braces and difficulty chewing or speaking during treatment. 

Many orthodontists recommend getting an initial consultation by age seven, if a child is suspected of having malocclusion. This is when problems such as overcrowding, or an uneven bite may be diagnosed. Waiting too long could result in fewer options for treatment as the child gets older. 

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